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10 Strange Facts About Psychology

The color red can increase a person’s appetite.

People who daydream more tend to have higher intelligence.

The average person has about 70,000 thoughts per day.

Music has been shown to reduce pain and anxiety, and improve mood.

People with higher levels of education are more likely to experience sleep paralysis.

The scent of lavender has been found to reduce stress and improve sleep quality.

Multitasking can reduce productivity by up to 40%.

The “bystander effect” refers to the tendency for individuals to be less likely to help someone in need when other people are present.

People who swear more tend to be more honest.

The brain’s hippocampus, responsible for memory, is larger in London taxi drivers due to their extensive knowledge of the city’s streets.

Smiling, even if forced, can actually improve your mood.

People are more likely to remember negative memories over positive ones, due to the brain’s negativity bias.

In order to help us successfully navigate life, the negativity bias keeps us aware of things that we may need to change or avoid. Positive events are unimportant in survival.

The “placebo effect” refers to the phenomenon where a person experiences a perceived improvement in symptoms after receiving a treatment with no therapeutic value.

Playing video games can improve hand-eye coordination and problem-solving skills.

The fear of public speaking, known as glossophobia, affects about 75% of people.

Humans are hardwired to remember faces more easily than names.

People who sleep on their left side have more vivid dreams.

A study found that people are more likely to take risks in a casino if they have to walk past a person smoking, due to the association of smoking with risk-taking behavior.

The brain releases dopamine, the “feel-good” chemical, when we receive social media notifications.

The “butterfly effect” suggests that small, seemingly insignificant events can have far-reaching consequences.

Listening to sad music can actually improve your mood by allowing you to process and regulate emotions.

People tend to overestimate their abilities in unfamiliar areas, a phenomenon known as the Dunning-Kruger effect.

Nostalgia can counteract feelings of loneliness, boredom, and anxiety.

People are more likely to comply with a request if it is made in a quieter voice.

The smell of chocolate can increase theta brain waves, which are associated with relaxation.

People are more likely to remember information that is presented in a visually appealing format.

The “mere exposure effect” suggests that the more we are exposed to something, the more we tend to like it.

A study found that the anticipation of a vacation can bring more happiness than the vacation itself.

The brain can rewire itself through neuroplasticity, allowing for learning and adaptation throughout life.

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Psychologist Jokes

How many psychologists does it take to change a light bulb? Only one, but the light bulb has to want to change.

Why did the psychologist become a gardener? Because he wanted to help people “grow.”

Why did the psychologist become a chef? Because he wanted to “analyze” food for thought.

Why did the psychologist bring a spoon to work? To help his patients “dig deep” into their issues.

What do you call a group of psychologists? A “psycho-babble” of psychologists.

Why did the psychologist always carry a mirror? To help his patients “reflect” on themselves.

How many psychologists does it take to screw in a light bulb? None, the light bulb will change when it’s ready.

Why did the psychologist become an artist? He wanted to paint people’s “emotional landscapes.”

What do you call a psychologist who also acts? A “psycho-dramatist.”

What do you call a psychologist who specializes in canine behavior? A “dogtor” of psychology.

Why did the psychologist bring a broom to work? To sweep away his patients’ “mental clutter.”

What’s a psychologist’s favorite dance move? The “Freudian slip.”

Why did the psychologist bring a telescope to work? To help his patients gain a “clearer” perspective.

Why did the psychologist become a magician? Because he loved making people’s issues “disappear.”

Why did the psychologist bring a stopwatch to work? To help his patients “track” their progress.

What’s a psychologist’s favorite dessert? “Sigmund Freud” cake — it’s layered with deep meaning.

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Candy

The world’s oldest known candy is a honey-based treat from over 2,000 years ago.

The word “candy” comes from the Arabic word “qandi,” which means “made of sugar.”

The first form of candy was created by ancient Egyptians over 4,000 years ago.

The first mass-produced candy in the United States was the candy corn, created in the 1880s.

The largest candy store in the world is Dylan’s Candy Bar in New York City, spanning over 15,000 square feet (1,393 square meters, or a third of an acre).


Dylan's Candy Bar, New York City, world's largest candy bar

Dylan’s Candy Bar

The average American consumes about 22 pounds (10 kilograms) of candy each year.

The world’s largest chocolate bar weighed 12,770 pounds (5,792 kilograms) and was made in Armenia in 2010.

The first chocolate bar was invented in 1847 by Joseph Fry.

M&M’s were originally created for soldiers in World War II since they could carry them without the chocolate melting.

The world’s most expensive chocolate bar is the “Amedei Porcelana,” which can cost up to $90 per bar.

The largest lollipop ever made weighed over 7,000 pounds (3,175 kilograms).

The largest candy cane ever made was 51 feet (15.5 meters) tall.

The Snickers candy bar was named after the Mars family’s favorite horse.

Cotton candy was invented by a dentist named William Morrison.

The world’s longest gum wrapper chain measured over 62 miles (100 kilometers).

The Tootsie Roll was named after its creator’s daughter’s nickname, “Tootsie.”

The chocolate-covered insect industry exists, with companies producing candies like chocolate-covered ants and scorpions.

There are more than 400 different flavors of Kit Kat in Japan, including unique options like wasabi and green tea.

The first candy bar to be taken to space was a Milky Way bar in 1982.

Hershey’s Kisses got their name from the machine that produces them, which makes a “kissing” sound.

The world’s largest candy necklace was made in Canada and measured over 1,000 feet (304 meters) long.

The popular candy Pez was originally marketed as an alternative to smoking.

Candy canes were originally straight, and the curved shape is said to represent a shepherd’s crook.

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Human Babies

Babies have more bones than adults. They are born with about 300 bones, while adults have 206 due to the fusion of some bones as they grow.

A baby’s taste buds are more sensitive than those of adults. They can taste a wider range of flavors, which may explain why they can be picky eaters.

Newborn babies can recognize their mother’s voice from birth. They are also able to recognize familiar sounds they heard while in the womb.

Babies have a strong sense of smell. They can differentiate between their mother’s breast milk and that of another woman.

On average, a baby will triple its birth weight within the first year of life.

Newborn babies are nearsighted and can see objects clearly only at a close distance. They can see best at a distance of 8-12 inches, which is roughly the distance between their face and their mother’s while breastfeeding.

Babies don’t have kneecaps at birth. Instead, they have soft cartilage that eventually hardens into kneecaps as they grow.

The brain of a baby doubles in size during the first year of life.

Babies have a natural instinct for swimming and can hold their breath automatically underwater until about six months old.

A newborn baby can cry as soon as they are born. This helps clear their lungs and open up their airways.

Babies have a strong grip reflex. They can hold onto an object placed in their hand and can even support their body weight for a short time.

Babies have a unique grasping reflex known as the “palmar reflex,” where they instinctively hold onto objects that touch their palms.

Babies have more taste buds on their tongues than adults. They have around 10,000 taste buds compared to adults’ 2,000-4,000.

A baby’s head is proportionally larger compared to the rest of their body compared to adults. This is because the brain develops rapidly during the early years.

Babies are born with the ability to mimic facial expressions. They often imitate the expressions they see their parents making.

A baby’s heart beats faster than an adult’s. The average heart rate for a newborn is around 120-160 beats per minute.

Babies have a higher body surface area-to-weight ratio than adults, which makes them more susceptible to changes in temperature.

Newborn babies have more bones in their skull than adults. This allows for flexibility during birth and helps the skull to mold and pass through the birth canal.

Babies have a stronger sense of hearing than adults. They can hear higher frequencies and are more sensitive to sounds in general.

Babies are born with a natural instinct to suck. This reflex helps them to feed and find comfort.

A baby’s first social smile typically appears between 6-8 weeks of age. This is when they start to recognize and respond to their caregivers.

Newborn babies have a heightened sense of touch. They can feel pain, temperature, and pressure more intensely than adults.

Babies have more rapid eye movement (REM) sleep than adults. This is thought to contribute to their brain development.

A newborn baby has no control over their saliva and may drool frequently.

Babies have a natural preference for human faces and will often gaze longer at faces compared to other objects.

A baby’s immune system is not fully developed at birth. They receive antibodies from their mother through breast milk, which helps protect them against infections.

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Water

Water can exist in the three common states of matter: solid (ice), liquid, and gas (steam).

Water is the only substance that can exist in all three states of matter within the range of temperatures found on Earth.

Water can also exist in a fourth state of matter called a “spin ice,” where the water molecules are arranged in a crystalline lattice.

Water is the most common substance on Earth, covering about 71% of the planet’s surface.

A single drop of water contains billions of water molecules.

Water has a high surface tension, which allows certain insects like water striders to walk on it.

Pure water is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, however it is said that cats can taste pure water.

The maximum density of water occurs at 4°C, which means that ice floats on water.

Water is the only substance that expands when it freezes.

The human body is about 60% water. An average person contains ten gallons (38 liters) of water.

Water can absorb more heat than many other substances, which makes it a good coolant.

Water is used in many industrial processes, such as power generation, manufacturing, and agriculture.

To grow the wheat for a single loaf of bread requires two tons of water (1,496 gallons or 5,663 liters) are needed.

The blood of mammals has the same dilution of salt as ocean water.

A person can survive for about a month without food, but only about a week without water.

The world’s largest waterfall is Angel Falls in Venezuela, which drops water from a height of 979 meters (3,212 feet – more than 1/2-mile).

The average American uses about 80-100 gallons (302 to 378 liters) of water per day.

Water is a polar molecule, which means it has a positive end and a negative end. They say water molecules are shipped like Mickey Mouse, with a round head, the oxygen, and two ears, the hydrogen atoms at a 104.5-degree angle to each other.

Microwave ovens take advantage of the shape of water molecules. At a 2.4 gigahertz (2.4 billion times per second) they reverse an electrical field. The water molecules try to align one way, then the other. All this movement creates heat. Since plastic, porcelain and many other materials do not have polar molecules, they do not heat up in the presence of an alternating field.

Water can be split into its constituent elements, hydrogen and oxygen, through a process called electrolysis. Electrolysis is done with direct current electricity. If you put electrodes in water, bubbles of oxygen and hydrogen will form around those electrodes. Engines can be powered by recombining hydrogen with oxygen, but so far, the process of electrolysis uses more energy than can be retrieved.

Water is essential for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy.

Scientists specializing in exobiology generally assume that lifeforms will require water, so life will probably not be found on a dry planet.

Sea water contains approximately 34 parts per thousand of salt.

The water cycle is the continuous movement of water between the Earth’s surface and atmosphere.

Water can be used to extinguish fires because it can absorb heat quickly and effectively.

Water can have a memory, according to a controversial theory called “water memory” proposed by French scientist Jacques Benveniste.

You can be cold when wet because water transfers heat from your body to the air more quickly than dry skin.

Water can form up to 15 different phases, including a liquid crystal phase.

Water has been found to have a surprisingly high surface tension in microgravity environments, which can affect the behavior of fluids in space.

The human body can sense the difference between hot and cold water much more accurately than it can sense differences in temperature for other substances such as steel, plastic and wood.

Water can conduct electricity even in the absence of dissolved ions, due to a phenomenon called “protonic conduction.”

Water has been found to exhibit strange quantum properties, such as “quantum tunneling” and “quantum entanglement.”

Water can be supercooled to extremely low temperatures without freezing, and can even exist as a liquid at temperatures as low as -40°C. Something needs to trigger formation of crystals (ice). Without that, water cannot freeze.

Water can be used to create “snowcrete,” a building material made from a mixture of snow and concrete.

Water can form a “chain” of hydrogen bonds that can stretch across large distances, allowing it to transport energy and information.

Water can be used to create a type of glass called “water glass,” which is made by melting silica in a solution of sodium carbonate and water.

Water can act as a natural lens, bending and distorting light to create mirages and other optical illusions.

Water can form a “bridge” between two surfaces, allowing them to stick together without the need for glue or other adhesives. If you’ve ever put a cover slip on a microscope slide, you’ve witnessed the effect.

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Adolescents

The adolescent stage of human development generally refers to the period of life between childhood and adulthood, and is characterized by significant physical, emotional, and cognitive changes. Depending on which expert you ask, the age range can be from 10 years old to mid-twenties, but is generally age 12 to 15.

As a result of improvements in nutrition and healthcare, people reach puberty earlier and live longer than in past eras.

Girls generally go through a growth spurt sooner than boys. So a sister that has always been shorter than her older brother may be taller and stronger for a year or so, until he finally grows into his adult-size body.

Adolescents often experience “sleep drunkenness,” which is a state of grogginess and confusion that occurs when they are woken up abruptly.

Adolescents are more likely to engage in risky behaviors like drug use, drinking, and unprotected sex, as they test the limits of their newfound independence.

The adolescent brain goes through a pruning process where it eliminates unused neural connections.

The teenage years are a time when individuals begin to develop a sense of humor and enjoy joking around with friends.

Adolescents are more likely to engage in “self-talk,” or talking to themselves, as a way to process their thoughts and emotions.

Adolescents often experience a heightened sense of self-consciousness and may feel like they are constantly being judged by others.

Adolescent boys are more likely to experience body dysmorphia and muscle dysmorphia due to societal pressure to be muscular and fit. For some boys, penis size becomes a concern.

The adolescent brain is more susceptible to addiction because of the underdeveloped prefrontal cortex.

Adolescents require more sleep than adults, but their natural sleep cycle causes them to stay up later and wake up later.

During puberty, the body undergoes rapid growth and hormonal changes, leading to increased hunger and appetite.

Adolescents have a greater tendency to conform to peer pressure and follow trends.

Adolescent girls are more likely to experience depression and anxiety than boys.

Adolescent girls are also more likely to experience body image issues and eating disorders.

Adolescents have a more heightened sense of social justice and fairness.

The adolescent brain is more sensitive to stress, which can have a long-term impact on mental health.

The adolescent brain is more responsive to rewards, which can lead to addictive behaviors.

Adolescents are more likely to experience mood swings and emotional turbulence.

Adolescents often experience conflicts with authority figures such as parents and teachers.

Adolescents are more likely to engage in binge drinking and drug use.

Adolescents often experience a sense of alienation and feel like they don’t fit in.

The teenage years are a time when individuals start to form close friendships and experience loyalty and betrayal.

Adolescents often experience a sense of nostalgia for their childhood, as they begin to realize that they are no longer children.

The adolescent brain is more susceptible to the effects of peer pressure due to increased activity in the amygdala, which processes social information.

The adolescent stage is also a time when individuals begin to explore their spirituality and religious beliefs.

The adolescent stage is a time when individuals begin to develop their own moral code and ethical beliefs.

Adolescents are more likely to experience “fear of missing out” (FOMO) and anxiety related to social media use.

The adolescent stage is often marked by an increased interest in social justice and political activism.

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Massage

The word “massage” comes from the Arabic word “masah” which means “to press.”

In ancient Rome, massage was used to treat gladiators before and after battles if they were still alive.

There are some male massage therapists in England who specialize in massage of the penis.

The longest recorded massage lasted for 80 hours and was performed by two therapists in Bangkok, Thailand.

In some cultures, such as in India, massage is considered a form of spiritual practice and is performed in temples.

In the United States during the 19th and early 20th centuries, some medical doctors attempted to cure ‘hysteria’ in female patients by massaging the clitoris.

A study conducted in 2011 found that massage can reduce the symptoms of depression and anxiety.

In Thailand, massage is considered a form of medicine and is taught in medical schools.

In the United States and many developed countries, massage is most often performed on padded tables, but in most other countries, the client is treated on the floor.

A female massage practitioner is often called called a ‘masseuse’ and a male is a ‘masseur.’

In some cultures, such as in India, massage is considered taboo for men to receive from women who are not their spouses or relatives.

Some medical professionals claim that healthy as well as enlarged prostate glands can be treated successfully by massage through the anus.

The first massage chair was invented in 1948 by Japanese engineer Nobuo Fujimoto.

In China, massage has been used as a form of healing for over 3,000 years.

Gentle massage of the testicles is claimed to promote overall good health.

The first recorded mention of massage in Europe was in the 5th century BC by the Greek physician Hippocrates.

In Japan, massage is believed to improve blood circulation and relieve fatigue.

The first massage oil was made from olive oil in ancient Greece.

Swedish massage, also known as classic massage, is the most popular type of massage in the Western world.

Massage therapy can help lower blood pressure.

In some cultures, such as in Morocco, it is traditional for a mother to massage her newborn baby.

In some countries, such as South Korea, it is common for people to receive regular massages as part of their healthcare routine.

Some massage therapists specialize in working with animals, such as horses and dogs.

In ancient Egypt, massage was used as a form of pain relief during childbirth.

The first massage table was invented in 1878 by a Dutch physician named Johann Georg Mezger.

In some cultures, such as in Indonesia, massage is used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including asthma and diabetes.

In the 1970s and 1980s, massage beds were common in hotels. One could put coins in a slot, then the bed would shake for several minutes.

Massage can help improve flexibility and range of motion.

Some massage therapists incorporate energy healing techniques, such as Reiki, into their sessions.

In ancient China, massage was used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including paralysis and digestive issues.

Massage therapy can help alleviate symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.

In some cultures, such as in Egypt, it is believed that massage can help prevent baldness.

Some massage therapists specialize in working with cancer patients to help manage symptoms such as pain and fatigue.

Massage can help improve posture.

In most developed countries a licensed massage practitioner must go to school and have detailed knowledge of anatomy.

In the United States, massage practitioners must never touch genital areas for fear of losing their licenses.